**All the computational methods of Vedic Mathematics are based on sixteen sutras ****(aphorisms) that are directly derived from the Atharv Ved, one of the primary texts of the ancient Vedic literature of India. This mental computational system was brought to light in recent times by the Shankaracharya of Puri, Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha.**

**On one level, each sutra aphoristically describes the actual computational methodto be used for the various types of mathematical problems. On a deeper level, however,each sutra may be seen as a refined formula for producing a high degree of coherence andorder in brain functioning, facilitating the rapid and precise solution to the mathematical problem.**